Anatomy 101

Anatomy 101

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The spine is one of the most important parts our body. It has three main functions:

  • Protects the spinal cord
  • Gives the body structure and support
  • Allows us to move freely

The Bones and Joints

The spine is made of 33 bones called vertebra that are stacked one above each other. There are:

  • 7 cervical vertebra in the neck
  • 12 thoracic vertebra in the middle back
  • 5 lumbar vertebra in the low back.

The sacrum is a wedged shaped bone in the pelvis made of 5 fused vertebra. The tail end of the spine (literally) we have the coccyx made of 4 fused coccygeal vertebra. The vertebra are given names based on their position in the spine. L1 is the first lumbar vertebra. There are 2 bones that have special names because of their special function. The atlas (C1) holds up the head and the axis allows the head to rotate from side to side.

Here you can see 2 vertebra stacked on top of the other. 3 joints join the vertebra to each other. The large disc in the front is like a soft cushion and provides support and absorbs pressure. The disc has a poor blood supply and receives its nutrition via sucking the nutrients from the body when you move. Behind the disc there are 2 facet joints. The facet joints guide the movement of the vertebra and have a large supply of nerves that feed your brain with information about where your spine is and how it is moving. Your brain uses this information when it is deciding how your organs should function. Some amazing research by Dr. Akio Sato has been done in this field. This is why is it is so important to maintain the normal movement of your spine. Between the facet joints and the disc is a gap called the intervertebral foramen or the IVF for short. The spinal nerves exit the spinal canal through the IVF. There are a number of bumps on each vertebra. You can see the transverse and spinouts processes in the picture. The muscles and ligaments of the spine attach to these bumps.

The Ligaments

There are a number of ligaments that cross between two vertebra. The ligaments hold the bones together while still allowing the joints to move. Some of the ligaments cross the intervetebral foramen and reduce the space the spinal nerves have to exit the spinal canal. When there is joint restriction the ligaments can rub twist and squash the nerves reducing their ability to carry healthy information from the brain to the body or the body back to the brain. With age and lack of exercise the ligaments become shorter and harder, making the joints stiffer. In the long term tight and stiff ligaments pull on the bones and produce bone spurs. Exercise and adjustments to maximize the health of the ligaments will minimize the effects of osteoarthritis in the future.

The Muscles

here are multiple layers of muscles in the back. Some are for supporting our spine and are called postural muscles or core muscles others are for moving our spine and are called the prime movers. The muscles are arranged in different patterns to bend our spine forwards backwards, sideways and rotate to each side. Like all muscles of the body the spinal muscles require good exercise and stretching to maintain their health and the health of your spine.

The Nerves

The spinal cord is the information superhighway between your brain and your body. Without it you could not move any part of your body and your organs could not function. It is made of millions of nerves. The spinal cord is protected by the bony spinal canal formed by the vertebra that are stacked one on top of the other. It is also protected by the duramater, a tough covering around the cord. Between the duramater and the spinal cord is the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) The CSF is important for protection of the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and the spinal cord and feeds the CNS with nutrients from the blood.

The Peripheral Nerves

The spinal nerves convey information between the central nervous system and the rest of the body. The spinal nerves exit the spinal canal through each of the intervertebral foramen between each pair of vertebra. Like the tributaries of a river the small spinal nerves form larger nerves, such as the sciatic nerve, which runs down the buttock into the leg. This is how your brain controls every single cell and organ in you body. The following chart describes which spinal nerves innervate (supply) which parts of the body. You will notice that all the body parts actually receive information from more than one spinal nerve and the nerves travel a great distance to get to the organ they are supplying. This is why the actual problem in the spinal can be a long way away from you feeling the problem.

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Osteopathy – The Natural Approach To Health Care

osteopathic treatment

Osteopathy brings an exceptional philosophy to traditional patient attention. Recognising that your system is significantly more than only a sum of its parts, osteopathic physicians assist the individual’s inherent ability to heal by fixing the interrelationship of their human body’s nerves, organs, and bones.

Osteopathic physicians are licensed to prescribe medicine and clinic at every medical and surgical specialties and subspecialties.

Osteopathy is a Naturopathic, noninvasive manual treatment that aims to increase health with all systems of the body by strengthening and manipulating the cosmetic framework.

An osteopathic doctor will center on the joints and spine. Treatment plans to favorably alter your human body’s nervous, and circulatory systems.

osteopathy

Benefits

  • Cures Pain

Osteopathic treatment enables you to efficiently reduce and treat pain in quite a few distinct areas, including back pain, Neck Pain, headache, along with ankle sprains. Osteopathy can reduce discomfort from Chronic illness.

  • Decreases Discomfort In Chronic Illnesses

Osteopaths can assist in preventing a recurrence of an accident or severe condition or perhaps the maturation of a personal accident due to lifestyle factors.

Along with these, there are some more benefits, such as :

  1. Reduce stiffness and pain in joints and muscles
  2. Increase the Assortment of moves from the joints
  3. Heal spinal issues Caused by bad posture or spinal disc harms.
  4. alleviate chronic pain during noninvasive therapy
  5. Decrease the strain in the joints.
  6. Reduce strain within your torso
  7. Relieve tension headaches and Migraines.

Help your system to accommodate structural and hormonal modifications through pregnancy

Osteopathy might be very relaxing. It’s also proven to decrease stress levels by boosting the efficacy of your own body’s systems such as blood flow, nerve distribution, and even the immune system. Osteopathy can also increase Blood Supply and Reduce Blood pressure.

Spinewise Clinic provides the best osteopathy services in Bowmanville.

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Tips for the Before and After Osteopathy Session

Oesteopathy

If you have already scheduled a osteopathy session or are thinking about doing it, I leave you with a series of recommendations to be better prepared and know what to expect at the end of the session.

Before

Each osteopath works differently. Some prefer that the patient remain in underwear during the session as it facilitates contact with the tissue and allows you to see more clearly the areas that may present some alteration (compressed, uneven, swollen areas, etc). Others, we prioritize the patient’s comfort and we observe / palpate with the clothes on. Both options are valid. The ideal for the last case is to wear a short or shod (not too tight) and a loose shirt. Always wear clothes that are comfortable so that you are not pending in the session of what you have on.

During the session the whole body will be mobilized. This includes, to a greater or lesser extent, the abdominal organs (stomach, intestines, etc.). Therefore, I recommend that you do not eat or drink too much liquid at least one or two hours before the session.

After

It is normal to feel tired after the osteopathic session. Yawning five times in a few seconds is common. Feeling “in another world” or “like a zombie” (said by some of my patients) is completely normal. It is an effect of relaxation and physical work done. Nothing very different from what one can feel after running for a while in the park or doing some physical activity. Be careful, the feeling does not indicate if the session was good or bad. Each person has a different metabolism and reacts differently to stimuli and work.

In both scenarios, the best you can do after the session is nothing. Get home and rest. If you can not sleep, read a book or do something to help you relax. It is important, after working with the body, to have a moment so that everything elaborated and mobilized in the session is settled.

Another point to take into account is the personal care. That day eat light, avoid the digestive system have to spend too much energy to digest food either by the abundance or by the heaviness of food (fat, sugar, etc). Drink plenty of liquid and preferably water, as this way you clean your body better.

Avoid sports or demanding activities in the next 48 hours. The work and adjustments made during the session will continue to operate a few days later. Give the possibility to that work to continue its course so that the fruits of the session settle even more.

Osteopathy

For the next

Patient feedback is very important for the osteopath. In the time between one session and another, it remained attentive to the changes you may feel in your body, in your mood, the quality of your sleep, your energy, your digestion, etc. Write down if you are afraid to forget. And communicate before the next session.

I hope you find the information useful. If you have more doubts regarding the osteopathy session or osteopathy in general, do not hesitate to consult Spinewise.

 

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Everything you Need to Know About Osteopathy

Osteopathy is a medical practice based on the theory that disease and physiologic dysfunctions are etiologically grounded in a disordered musculoskeletal system.

Osteopathy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The American School of Osteopathy, The first osteopathy school opened in Kirksville, Missouri in 1892. This school is now called the AT Still University.

Osteopathy was termed in 1874 by an American Physician named Dr. Andrew Taylor Still.

Following the death of Dr. Still’s wife, and three of his children, to spinal meningitis in 1864, still concluded that the orthodox medical practices of his day were frequently ineffective and sometimes harmful. He devoted the next thirty years of his life to studying the human body and finding alternative ways to treat disease.

Dr. Still opened a school in Kirksville, Missouri in 1892 and began teaching the idea and practice of making mechanical adjustments to the human frame to promote health and heal disease.

Today there are osteopathy schools in at least 22 countries, including:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, England, Finland, France, Germany. Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, Netherlands Norway, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United States of America and 43,000 manual osteopaths worldwide.

Two Types of Osteopaths

The osteopathic profession has evolved into two branches, manual medicine osteopaths and medical practice osteopathic physicians. These groups are so distinct that in practice they function as separate professions. This article is mostly about Manual Osteopathy.

Manual Osteopath

– Manual therapy is their primary tool. By specializing in manual therapy, often gain a high level of proficiency in manual approaches.

– Credentials vary from country to country, but often include the term ‘Manual Osteopath’.

– Typically trained outside the United States, in places like Canada, England and Spain.

– Typically work in private practice.

Medical Osteopath

– Uses pharmacy, surgery, and other medical practices and may also use manual therapy approaches.

– Credentialed as a D.O.

– Typically trained in the United States.

– Typically work in hospitals or private practice.

What Do Manual Osteopaths Do?

Osteopaths use a variety of manual approaches. Here are some common terms:

  • Articulatory Techniques – Procedures that move joints through their range of motion (articulating the joints) may be used to restore normal functioning.
  • Soft-Tissue Techniques – Various direct or indirect treatments applied to muscles, fascia and other soft-tissues of the body.
  • Visceral Techniques – techniques involving direct manipulation of the internal organs. Usually done using gentle pressure through the abdominal musculature.
  • Cranial Sacral – Cranial treatments focus on the craniosacral system which consists of the brain, spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid, dura (the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord), cranial bones, and the sacrum (triangular bone comprised of five fused vertebrae, and forming posterior section of the pelvis).

What Happens During An Osteopathic Manual Therapy (OMT) Session?

Intake

  • A discussion with your osteopath regarding your primary health concerns, health history and time to ask questions.

Assessment & Treatment

  • Hands-on, mechanical adjustments to the patient’s muscles, joints, fascia and other tissues.

Post-Treatment

Your osteopath will ensure you know:

  • What did the assessment reveal?
  • What was the treatment and reasoning for it?
  • What can you expect to experience after treatment?

Reasons People Visit Osteopaths

  • Low back pain is the most common reason men visit osteopaths.
  • Most Common Reasons: Spine & Pelvis (44%) – Legs (13%) – Arms (13%) Pregnancy & Infants (12%) – Head (9%) Internal Organs (5%) – Other (4%) 3
  • Neck pain is the most common reason women visit osteopaths.

Notable Osteopaths & Patients

Barbara Ross-Lee, DO

  • The first African-American woman to serve as dean of a U.S. medical school was an osteopath.

William Smith

  • A British osteopath who may be the real life basis for Dr. Watson 5 of the Sherlock Holmes books.

Katy Perry

  • Katy Perry says her osteopath helped her learn to connect with her emotions and find her center again.

Queen Of England

  • Queen Elizabeth visited an osteopath for treatment of a stiff neck.

Elton John

  • Elton John has been treated by an osteopath.

Gwyneth Paltrow

  • Gwyneth Paltrow has been public about her osteopath helping her deal with a marital separation. 7

Osteopathy Research

  • Osteopathy has been shown to treat back pain as effectively as medication.
  • It can help with depression.
  • Osteopathy leads to fewer ear infections in children.
  • Osteopathy is safe for use in patients with traumatic brain injury.
  • This improves walking after knee or hip surgery.
  • Osteopathy may function in part by altering the levels of endocannabinoids (marijuana-like chemicals) in the body.

We hope you enjoy our article on Osteopathy.

 

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Benefits Of Osteopathy Treatment

Osteopathy is a  drug-free, non-invasive manual therapy that improves the overall health of the body by manipulating and strengthening the musculoskeletal framework. It is a natural medicine with the intention of restoring the normal function of the body by treating the causes of pain and imbalances that may be the result of injury, illness, stress, and the chronicity of daily living. Osteopathy Treatment involves gentle and subtle manipulation, especially of the muscles and soft tissues. The doctor may stretch or massage the muscle. These techniques include stretching, gentle pressure, and resistance, known as osteopathic manipulative medicine.

There are several benefits of Osteopathy which are as follows –

  1. Osteopathy removes the underlying cause of pain.
  2. It reduces pain and stiffness in muscles and joints.
  3. Increase the range of motions in the joints.
  4. Encourage the body to heal itself.
  5. Relieve chronic pain.
  6. Decrease the stress on the joints
  7. Reduce tension in the body.
  8. Relieve tension headaches and migraine headaches
  9. Help the body to adapt to hormonal and structural changes during pregnancy.
  10. This therapy helps to improve postural problems due to pregnancy, sports injury, driving or work strain, or digestive issues.
  11. Treat spinal problems resulting from poor posture or spinal disk injuries.
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