Anatomy 101

Anatomy 101

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The spine is one of the most important parts our body. It has three main functions:

  • Protects the spinal cord
  • Gives the body structure and support
  • Allows us to move freely

The Bones and Joints

The spine is made of 33 bones called vertebra that are stacked one above each other. There are:

  • 7 cervical vertebra in the neck
  • 12 thoracic vertebra in the middle back
  • 5 lumbar vertebra in the low back.

The sacrum is a wedged shaped bone in the pelvis made of 5 fused vertebra. The tail end of the spine (literally) we have the coccyx made of 4 fused coccygeal vertebra. The vertebra are given names based on their position in the spine. L1 is the first lumbar vertebra. There are 2 bones that have special names because of their special function. The atlas (C1) holds up the head and the axis allows the head to rotate from side to side.

Here you can see 2 vertebra stacked on top of the other. 3 joints join the vertebra to each other. The large disc in the front is like a soft cushion and provides support and absorbs pressure. The disc has a poor blood supply and receives its nutrition via sucking the nutrients from the body when you move. Behind the disc there are 2 facet joints. The facet joints guide the movement of the vertebra and have a large supply of nerves that feed your brain with information about where your spine is and how it is moving. Your brain uses this information when it is deciding how your organs should function. Some amazing research by Dr. Akio Sato has been done in this field. This is why is it is so important to maintain the normal movement of your spine. Between the facet joints and the disc is a gap called the intervertebral foramen or the IVF for short. The spinal nerves exit the spinal canal through the IVF. There are a number of bumps on each vertebra. You can see the transverse and spinouts processes in the picture. The muscles and ligaments of the spine attach to these bumps.

The Ligaments

There are a number of ligaments that cross between two vertebra. The ligaments hold the bones together while still allowing the joints to move. Some of the ligaments cross the intervetebral foramen and reduce the space the spinal nerves have to exit the spinal canal. When there is joint restriction the ligaments can rub twist and squash the nerves reducing their ability to carry healthy information from the brain to the body or the body back to the brain. With age and lack of exercise the ligaments become shorter and harder, making the joints stiffer. In the long term tight and stiff ligaments pull on the bones and produce bone spurs. Exercise and adjustments to maximize the health of the ligaments will minimize the effects of osteoarthritis in the future.

The Muscles

here are multiple layers of muscles in the back. Some are for supporting our spine and are called postural muscles or core muscles others are for moving our spine and are called the prime movers. The muscles are arranged in different patterns to bend our spine forwards backwards, sideways and rotate to each side. Like all muscles of the body the spinal muscles require good exercise and stretching to maintain their health and the health of your spine.

The Nerves

The spinal cord is the information superhighway between your brain and your body. Without it you could not move any part of your body and your organs could not function. It is made of millions of nerves. The spinal cord is protected by the bony spinal canal formed by the vertebra that are stacked one on top of the other. It is also protected by the duramater, a tough covering around the cord. Between the duramater and the spinal cord is the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) The CSF is important for protection of the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and the spinal cord and feeds the CNS with nutrients from the blood.

The Peripheral Nerves

The spinal nerves convey information between the central nervous system and the rest of the body. The spinal nerves exit the spinal canal through each of the intervertebral foramen between each pair of vertebra. Like the tributaries of a river the small spinal nerves form larger nerves, such as the sciatic nerve, which runs down the buttock into the leg. This is how your brain controls every single cell and organ in you body. The following chart describes which spinal nerves innervate (supply) which parts of the body. You will notice that all the body parts actually receive information from more than one spinal nerve and the nerves travel a great distance to get to the organ they are supplying. This is why the actual problem in the spinal can be a long way away from you feeling the problem.

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Psychotherapy for Mental Health

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is regularly utilized either alone or in mix with drugs to treat mental illnesses.

Called “treatment” for short, the word psychotherapy really includes an assortment of treatment procedures. Amid psychotherapy, an individual with a psychological instability converses with an authorized and prepared emotional wellness care proficient who helps the person in question recognize and work through the components that might trigger the sickness.

How Does Psycho Therapy Help?

Comprehend the practices, feelings, and thoughts that add to his or her sickness and figure out how to change them.

Comprehend and recognize the existence issues or occasions – like a noteworthy disease, a passing in the family, lost work, or a separation – that add to his or her sickness and help him/her comprehend which parts of those issues he/she might probably illuminate or improve.

Recapture a feeling of control and delight throughout everyday life.

Learn solid adapting methods and critical thinking aptitudes.

Types of Psycho-Therapy

Treatment can be given in an assortment of configurations, including:

Individual: This treatment includes just the patient and the doctor.

Group: At least two or more patients may take an interest in treatment in the meantime. Patients can share encounters and discover that others feel a similar way and have had similar encounters.

Couples: This kind of treatment enables life partners and accomplices to comprehend why their adored one has a psychological issue, what changes in correspondence and practices can help, and what they can do to adapt. This kind of treatment can likewise be utilized to help a couple that is battling with parts of their relationship.

Family: Because family is a key piece of the group that enables individuals with psychological sickness to show signs of improvement, it is now and again supportive for relatives to comprehend what their adored one is experiencing, how they themselves can adapt, and what they can do to help.

Approaches to Psycho Therapy

While Psychotherapy treatment can be possible in various configurations – like family, gathering, and individual – there are likewise a few unique methodologies that psychological well-being experts can take to give treatment. Subsequent to conversing with the patient about their turmoil, the doctor will choose which way to deal with utilize dependent on the presumed underlying elements adding to the condition.

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Top 5 Benefits of Psychotherapy

psychotherapy

A few years ago, going to the psychologist meant that you were in very serious trouble. He or She was even associated with madness or weakness for needing this kind of attention. However, nowadays, more people come to seek guidance, to prevent future problems, get to know each other, develop more skills and, of course, improve their symptoms.

Psychotherapy is a process that involves deeper changes than a psychological orientation, because it has a more or less established duration, according to the needs of the person.

Psychotherapy also works on depression, anxiety, stress, impulsivity, low self-esteem and also opens processes to improve interpersonal relationships, better manage our emotions, manage thoughts, as well as personal development, be more productive and have more success in life.

In this list you will find 5 benefits that are obtained by taking a psychological therapy process.

1. Empowerment

When you arrive at therapy, keep in mind that you have arrived doing your best. All the answers you have had, the way you have lived, the mistakes you have made, and what you can not improve yet, have been given by the resources that you have learned so far.

If you feel you are not ready to leave a job that does not make you happy, or to end an important relationship, or to speak in public, that’s fine. In the process you can learn and implement new resources that make you feel more secure and strong to take on new challenges.

2. Improve relationships with your environment

One of the reasons why many people seek therapy is when they feel that their important relationships are going through difficult times and even seem to end. There may be jealousy, you may be very impulsive, it may be difficult to control yourself, or you may misinterpret every detail or word from others, and all that will ruin relationships.

Going to therapy allows you to discover healthier ways to express what happens to you, communicate better, value what others offer you and really open up to give and receive love.

3. Incorporate tools for self-support

Affective dependence, economic and other areas, does not allow us to evolve, it even leads us to cling to people, to suffer when we do not have what we want, to be excessively demanding or to seek to protect others in order to avoid staying alone and that does not satisfy our needs.

This, logically, brings pain for oneself and for others. In the therapy process, the person can change these aspects, taking the decision to be responsible for their life, and when this happens, the person will seek to satisfy their needs feeling able to do it by him.

Embrace yourself when you feel sad and there is no one around, get involved in a good project for your financial status; give yourself love instead of criticizing yourself, etc.

4. Teaches you how to handle conflicts

Some of the social skills are communication and emotion management. They have taught us not to adequately express what we feel and think, so we have learned to interpret or shut up to avoid problems, causing our manifestations of anger to turn into resentment or explosive displays of anger.

During therapy, the person can learn to talk about their feelings and be responsible for them to move towards greater well-being.

One of the things that are practiced is that instead of blaming or judging the other, talk about how we feel about some situation or action of the person with whom we have the conflict.

Learning to talk about a single topic and solve it, instead of generalizing is another way, that is, avoid saying: you always or you never. When we generalize, we invalidate what the person could have given us at some point. When we blame, we make the person close and defend himself from us.

In therapy, conflicts and crises can be an opportunity to improve ties.

5. Allow you to know yourself better

True love only occurs between two people who know each other, accept each other, enjoy their similarities and grow with their differences.

But who should know first? Yes, self.

And this is the reason why many couples do not work: none of them knows them and pretends to know and love another.

The therapy is where you can talk about your problems, your goals, your limitations, your history, gives you the opportunity to see you, to recognize you, to discover things you did not know about yourself, and obviously, in everything That journey, you learn to value your history, you understand your way of being and you answer the question of who you are and what you want.

 

 

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5 Tips For Your First Sessions As A Psychotherapist

Psychotherapist

One of the most difficult moments within the professional career of psychotherapists, whether in the clinical or health field, is the realization of EPS (Supervised Professional Exercise). Keeping this in mind, you may be interested in these little tips for your first session as a Psychotherapist. These tips helps to relieve the nerves of the first sessions with your patients or clients.

Advice for your first sessions as a psychotherapist

Follow these guidelines to get through this process in the most productive way possible.

1. Nerves are not your enemy

Every first step is scary, and the first encounter with a patient or client questions everything you have learned during the 4 or 5 years of bachelor’s degree. Nothing happens, nerves are natural and will be present to a greater or lesser degree regardless of the passage of time and all the experience you accumulate. It’s normal, since you do not know what kind of individual will be sitting in front of you and what their life story is.

2. Have all the necessary paperwork on hand

This is an extremely important part, because having all the paperwork that helps you collect patient information is key to providing the right service. This includes:

Engagement sheet

Having a engagement sheet is relevant in the professional practice, more if you are in your supervised professional practice (EPS), since you still do not have the official degrees and the active collegiate. This engagement will be the endorsement in which the patient or client gives their consent to begin the data collection stage (anamnesis), evaluation and of course the treatment.
Important fact: you must have a sheet for adults and one for children and adolescents that must be signed by the parents.
You must remember that, despite the nerves, if you are offering your help at a professional level, it’s something: you’ve gotten there because your skills have made it possible.

Clinical files

This document is like the “cover letter” of your patient / client, collects: the general data, the reason for consultation, the start date of therapy and the end date, if you feel the need you can include: at what time The problem started, if there is any stimulus or a stressor that is aggravating the situation or the symptoms.

Clinical histories

A type of key document to be able to make a good diagnosis and along with it, a good treatment. This document collects all the life information of the patient / client, that includes:

The general information (name, surnames, age, sex, etc).

Reason for consultation

Start and factors that aggravate symptoms and signs.

Brief history of the problem (important to find out all the details).

Family history.

Prenatal, perinatal and postnatal history.

The history of adolescence.

Adult data.

Medical history and family history related to emotional problems or mental disorders.

Etc.

Collecting all the aforementioned information takes time. As advice, try not to run in the collection of these data, sometimes patients / clients in their first session cry half of it and complain what remains, so you should be taking notes of everything you can take ” the air”. If necessary, ask direct questions.

Mental examination

This document is also key to a good diagnosis. In it you will point out or cross out everything related to the signs of the patient or client, for example: his appearance (he looks careless, unkempt, has scars), his perception (he has hallucinations, illusions, etc.), his thoughts (he has delusions, ideas of reference, flight of ideas, etc.). You should have it on hand from the time you see him/her arrive at the office or see him/her in the waiting room.

Evolution sheets

If you want to be a good therapist, you should keep track of all the progress of your patients or clients, from the first session to the last. In the evolution sheets you will note the changes that occur during the sessions, for example: “SESSION # 7: Tom presents a reduction in depressive symptoms, has done homework and enjoys more activities with her family ”

Control of appointments

As a matter of order and good management of your patients, you can keep track of appointments in physical or digital (for example, with an App). This way you will know which appointments were missing and which appointments were not.

Field diary

This will be essential if you are a practitioner. Even so, I suggest it also to all professionals, you will take notes of everything you do in the sessions with each patient / client, it could be key to discover if the treatment is being effective or not.

Therapeutic Plan

Something that makes the patient feel very safe is to have everything ready, to note that you expect them with an assortment of activities that they will perform in the short 45 or 60 minutes of the session. This will not only give a good image of you, but also the patient will have very significant advances, especially if they are coming to you for a brief therapy.

Data bank

This is at the discretion of the practitioner or professional. Keeping a bank with all the data of the clients that you have attended during the year will help you to know how it has gone and if it is necessary to improve your marketing plan.

3. The evaluation and the first stumbles

Something key and very supportive in the therapy processes is undoubtedly the evaluation. It is important that you know and build your own “standard” batteries of psychological tests. It is not necessary that you be a “machine” and know from memory and literally the instructions of all the tests. That’s why I suggest you choose 2 to 4 basic tests
Choose those psychological tests you master that can yield auxiliary information for the diagnosis of your patient. In some cases personality tests are very useful too, so I invite you to investigate more thoroughly which tests are best suited to the population you will serve.

4. Ethics

As professionals or future professionals, we must follow the rules proposed by our deontological code.
The people who come to the consultation, are that … people, who are requesting not only help but a professional service. For this reason it is good to take care of some details such as clothing, fill out the corresponding paperwork and mentioned above, evaluate and deliver results and to finalize the diagnosis.

It is important to also take into account the therapeutic approach that you will use: the one based on more scientific evidence is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, although there are different proposed interventions for each of the psychological problems.

5. Empathy

I believe that this is the key for the client to have significant advances. Establishing a good therapeutic relationship, always within a frame of reference, is fundamental. The problem is that at the beginning there is a severe emotional burden, because patients come to relieve themselves and to resolve their conflicts, and often this emotional burden begins to affect our private life. It is necessary that the therapeutic relationship be a combination of empathy and professionalism.

Never forget…

Finally, always remember that it is not only important to use techniques. In my experience, I have known practitioners and professionals who consider techniques as the center of therapy, I must admit that it is partly true that they are very important, but do not forget that you are dealing with a person. Maintain empathy and compassion always within the framework of therapy.

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Finding Psychotherapy Services in Bowmanville?

psychotherapy

 

 

Psychotherapy, or the  talk therapy, is a way to help patients with a broad variety of mental illnesses and emotional difficulties. Psychotherapy can help in eliminating or controlling the  troubling symptoms so a person can function better and can increase well-being and healing.

Spinewise provides the best psychotherapy services in bowmanville to get you out from your anxiety and depression.

Problems solved by psychotherapy include difficulties in enduring with daily life; the impact of trauma, any medical illness or loss, like the death of a close one; and some mental disorders, like depression or anxiety. There are various different types of psychotherapy and some types may work better with certain problems or issues. Psychotherapy may be used in combination with medication or other therapies

Psychotherapy Approaches:

  • Psycho dynamic Psychotherapy

Psycho dynamic therapy sometimes known as insight-oriented therapy, emphasizes on unconscious processes as they are demonstrated in a person’s present behavior. The main objectives of psycho dynamic therapy are  self-awareness of the individual and understand the influence of the past on present behavior.

  • Person Centered Psychotherapy

This therapy works on the rogers theory in which therapist encourages and supports the patient without any interference so that patient can use his own ability to find the solution to his problems.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy

This therapy helps you in managing your problems by changing the way of your thinking and behaving. In this patient has to understand the concept of interconnection of our actions, feelings, thoughts and physical sensations, therefore the way to deal with problems in a positive way.

  • Integrative Psychotherapy

Integrative therapy is the process of accommodating the personality with the cognitive, physiological, effective, behavioral systems within a person. This therapy treats almost all psychological diseases like anxiety, depression and personality disorders.

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